Facts about Chocolate

How much do you know about various types of chocolate? Well, let’s find out!

Dark Chocolate :

  • is considered to be the best option in terms of health benefits;
  • must have more than 70% cocoa content and the only fat product that is allowed in its composition is cocoa butter (some manufactures use instead palm oil, coconut oil or butter);
  • has a low glycemic index of 25;
  • is rich in dietary fibers – 14g/100g, potassium – 600mg/100g, magnesium – 200mg/100g, calcium – 60mg/100g;
  • but it is rich in fat – 41g/100g (although is cholesterol free) and in calories – 590calories/100g.

Milk Chocolate :

  • must contain at least 30% cocoa powder;
  • has a glycemic index of 42;
  • has sugar and milk in it’s composition (wherefrom the presence of cholesterol – 20mg/100g);
  • is rich in potassium, magnesium, calcium;
  • but has 30% fat and around 530calories/100g.

White Chocolate :

  • has just cocoa butter, milk and sugar, without cocoa powder;
  • has about 32% fat and 550 calories/100g.

Chocolate with nuts and different kind of fillings :

  • content in fats and the number of calories grow with the addition of other ingredients (peanuts, hazelnuts, almonds, walnuts, raisins, puffed rice, cookies, fruit fillings, cream and milk fillings).

Dietary Chocolate :

  • the sugar in it is replaced with fructose or other carbohydrates that have a delayed absorption;
  • but the amount of fat (around 40%) and calories (around 550 calories/100g) remains high;
  • generally, these products are for those with metabolic diseases, such as diabetes.

Eaten in moderation, Chocolate :

  • is rich in potassium, magnesium, calcium, phosphorus, sodium, iron, chromium. These trace minerals are provided by cocoa powder. Magnesium is known to be an anti-stress agent.
  • improves bowel movements and constipation;
  • is a well known aphrodisiac and antidepressant, properties that are given by carbohydrates, magnesium, alkaloids, anandamine (has a euphoric effect), phenylethylamine, tryptophan (serotonin precursor, the “happiness hormone”);
  • is a powerful antioxidant thanks to polyphenols;
  • stimulates the central nervous system;
  • prevents cough;
  • has neuron-protective and anticancer properties;
  • protects against high blood pressure and cardiovascular disorders;
  • decreases cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol levels (“bad” cholesterol);
  • increases HDL-cholesterol levels (“good” cholesterol).

Give yourself the freedom to taste small amounts of chocolate (preferable dark chocolate), but not more then 2 small squares once (these have around 30g and 150 calories).

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